The Italian poet Alfonso Gatto referred to Salerno, his native land, as an “eternal town”. A “town that rises up from the glance of the sea”, he said, and that, during the VIII century, it became the most flourishing cradle of Southern Italy, thanks to the Lombards’ conquest. Above all, Duke Arechi II, a highly-cultured and diplomatic man, gave prestige and new lifeblood to the old Salernum. He did it moving the capital of his dukedom from Benevento to Salerno and turning the majestic Roman-Byzantine manor house, which all alone proudly dominated the entire town, into the impregnable stronghold of his noble feud. Later, the Castle was reshaped more than once by the Normans, Angevins and Aragoneses. But its prestige will always be associated with the figure of Arechi, in fact the building is named after him. [show more...]